Categories
facts

Some mark on medicine, Red line, Rx, NRx, XRx

When you buy medicine from medical Shop then you can see some mark on it.
1. Red line mark
The red line mark is available on the medicine which you can buy only through doctor prescription. No one medical Shop owner can give you that medicine without a prescription slip. These medicine have some Powerful side effects.

2. Rx mark
When you buy medicine from a medical Shop then you can see Rx written on it.It means you can use this medicine only according to doctors’ advice. 

3. NRx mark
NRx mark is available on those medicines which have narcotic action. For selling this type of medicine, you should have a license of selling narcotic medicine.

4. XRx mark
XRx medecine are those medecine, which are transferred directly from doctor to patients. You can’t buy this type of medicine from a medical shop.

Categories
facts

Why do cricketers use white cream on their faces?

You will often see cricketers, you will notice that they use white cream on their faces. So today we know about this white cream.
The white cream is zinc oxide, which protects the skin from the sun’s harmful UV, UVA and UVB rays.

The cream formed a strong protective layer and also protect from heat and burn.  Cricketers play continuously 6 to 8 hours in direct sunlight so they use cream on the whole face.

Categories
facts

What is I.V cannula? Types and color coding

An intravenous (IV) cannula is a tube which is placed into one of your veins and it is very small, flexible.
There are many types of I.V Cannula and they are used in different situations. So let’s know about them.
But before you should know that they are measured in gauge. If gauge number is more than the needle is thin or vice versa.

Types of I.V cannula

1. 14G cannula

Color – Orange
Flow rate – 250 to 300 ml/min
Length – 45mm
External diameter – 2.1mm
Uses – It is used for adolescent and adult major surgery and trauma. It is also used for infusion of large amounts of fluids or colloids.

2. 16G cannula

Color – Grey
Flow rate – 150 to 240 ml/min
Length – 45mm
External diameter – 1.8mm
Uses – It is used for adolescent and adult major surgery and trauma. It is also used for infusion of large amount of fluids or colloids.

3. 18G cannula

Color – Green
Flow rate – 100 to 120 ml/min
Length – 45mm
External diameter – 1.3mmUses – It is used for adolescent and adult major surgery and trauma. It is also used for infusion of large amount of fluids or colloids.

4. 20G cannula

Color – Pink
Flow rate – 55 to 80 ml/min
Length – 32mm
External diameter – 1.1mm
Uses – It is used for elder children, adolescents and adults. It is ideal for I.V. infusion and blood infusion. It is also used for medication administration and emergency management.

5. 22G cannula
Color – Blue
Flow rate – 22 to 50 ml/min
Length – 25mm
External diameter – 0.9mmUses – It is for elder children, adolescent and elderly adults. It is I.V. infusion with moderate flow rates. It is also used for medication administration.

6. 24G cannula

Color – Yellow
Flow rate – 23 ml/min
Length – 19mm
External diameter – 0.7Uses – It is used for infants, toddlers, older children. In major surgery and trauma among children. It can administer fluids and medication.

7. 26G cannula

Color – Purple
Flow rate – 10 to 15 ml/min
Length – 19mm
External diameter – 0.6mm
Uses – It is used for neonate, infant and elderly adults. It is suitable for infusion but the infusion rate is low.

Categories
facts

What is burn? Types of burn, and treatment

Burning is the main problem in the modern era. Electricity, chemicals, or fire can be common causes of body burns. Hot liquids are considered the most common cause of children’s burns. 

Types of burn

There are the following three types of burn .

First-degree burn 

It only affects the upper surface of your skin (epidermis). This makes the skin red and you feel pain in the affected area.  
First aid is used for its treatment and it may take from a few days to weeks to recover.  

 Second-degree burn 

It also affects the upper and other surfaces of your skin. This makes your skin red, the affected area feels swollen and painful. This type of burn is often seen as soft or wet. There are blisters on your skin, in which you may also have extreme pain.  
You can use any burn heal cream which is combination of silver nitrate salt or any other salt.

 Third-degree burn

The burns that reach the layer below the second surface in the skin are called third-degree burns.  
In this burn case contact the doctor as soon as possible.

Some prevention of burn

  • Always wear loose clothes. So that if burning occurs on clothes then you get off clothes as soon as possible.
  • If burning occurs then fold the person from the blanket.
Categories
facts

Why do our fingers and toes wrinkles in water?

Have you ever seen when your hands or feet are in water from too much time the wrinkles appear on fingers and toes.

So today we know scientifically why wrinkles appear on fingers and toes in water.

According to scientists the wrinkles appear on hand and toes in water to increase gripping. So that friction is increased in water.

The process of wrinkling starts from hands or feet. When hands or feet are in the water for too much time they start absorbing water and send messages to the brain. So the flow of blood decreases in that area and wrinkles appear.

Categories
foreign body

What can do If foreign body is in the throat?

Foreign bodies can enters in the nose, ears, eyes. The foreign bodies which may enter the throat include coin, marble, seed, peanuts, fish bone etc. The foreign body may irritate the throat and the patient feels uncomfortable and complains of pain in the throat. 

Treatment

  • Reassure the patient.
  • Make the patient sit in a comfortable position with their mouth downward.
  • Give a few blows on his shoulders until the foreign body is thrown out.
  • If the object does not come out, give him cooked potatoes, banana, soft rice or soft bread to eat. It will help the swallowed object to pass down.
  • Do not give purgatives.
  • Examine stools the next morning for the foreign body.
Categories
foreign body

What should do If an insect or foreign body is in the ear?

Ears are also a sensitive part of our body and sometimes some problems are create in the ear. Children may push foreign bodies like peas, grams, beads, buttons, pieces of stones or pieces of chalk etc. into their ears. An insect may also enter into the ear, if not removed may cause serious complications.

Treatment

  • Put warm oil in the ear to float out the insect.
  • If unsuccessful then contact the doctor
  • Under no circumstances try to remove foreign body with a match stick, tweezers or hair pins etc. During this act the delicate membrane called the eardrum may be damaged.
Categories
foreign body

What should do If foreign body attack on the eye?

Eyes are the very sensitive part of our body. Sometimes foreign particles attacks on the eye. Often small particles of dust, wood, stone, coal, glass or an insect may get into the eyes and cause irritation, redness and watering in the eyes and vision may be blurred.

Treatment

  • Make the patient sit in a chair.
  • Ask him not to rub the eyes.
  • Gently wipe the foreign body out with a wisp of cotton wool or with the folded comer of a clean handkerchief
  • Wash the eyes with warm water
  • Put eye drops.
  • Do not attempt to remove a foreign body lodged in the eye.
  • If strong acids have entered into the eyes wash it out by washing the eyes with a weak solution of sodium carbonate.
  • If strong alkalies have entered into the eyes wash it out by washing the eyes with vinegar solution.
  • If unsuccessful, take the patient to the doctor.
Categories
foreign body

What should you do If foreign body attack in the nose?

There are lots of problems create in the nose, in which nose bleeding is the main problem. Children may push foreign bodies like peas, grams, button stones or small coins into their nose. The patient feels uncomfortable and complains of pain and irritation in the nose. There may be bleeding if sharp object like pin, nail, needle or broken glass has been pushed into the nose.

Treatment

  • Make the patient sneeze by using snuff or entering the end of a piece of thread in the opposite nostril. The foreign body may be expelled by sneezing.
  • If unsuccessful take the help of a doctor
  • Do not try to remove it with a pin or a hook.
Categories
facts

Why do actors and actresses skin glow in old age also?

The skin of actors and actresses glow in old age also because of the use of the botox injections.

Botox is a protein made from Clostridium botulinum. Botox is used to enhance the beauty of muscles and skin. Botox is given for a specific purpose. Due to the chemical, it releases any type of blockage. Generally movies actors and actresses use this to prevent wrinkles or lines. Due to botox injections their skins glow in old age.

Also prevents wrinkles from coming early, helps you keep young. You can take it after 20 years. Botox is a good treatment for premature wrinkles or lines on your face due to old age.

Side effects of botox

Botox contains toxin and when toxin is applied in the muscle or muscle area, there is a fear of spreading it to other parts of the body as well. The most dangerous side effect of Botox is haddock. There is a risk of influenza syndrome along with breathing problems. There may be side effects like weakening of the nose, redness on the face and pain in the face.